hu14.18-IL2 fusion protein

Definition / meaning of hu14.18-IL2 fusion protein

A recombinant protein consisting of the hu14.18 monoclonal antibody fused to the cytokine interleukin-2 (IL2) with potential antineoplastic activity. The monoclonal antibody portion of the hu14.18-IL2 fusion protein binds to tumor cells expressing the GD2 antigen (melanoma, neuroblastoma and certain other tumors); the Fc component of the fusion protein antibody moiety and natural killer (NK) cells mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (CDCC) towards GD2-expressing tumor cells. The localized IL2 moiety of the fusion protein stimulates NK and T-cell antitumor cellular immune responses.

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Source(s):

The Web site of the National Cancer Institute (http://www.cancer.gov/)

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