Coronary artery disease. A disease in which there is a narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart). … [Read more...]


A metallic element that occurs naturally in tiny amounts in air, water, soil, and food. It is a byproduct of zinc refining, and is used to make batteries, … [Read more...]


An abbreviation for a chemotherapy combination used alone or together with other therapies to treat breast cancer. It is also being studied in the treatment of … [Read more...]

CAF regimen

A chemotherapy regimen consisting of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin), and fluorouracil, which may be used in the adjuvant setting for … [Read more...]


A naturally occurring xanthine derivative with central nervous system (CNS) stimulating activity. Due to the structural similarity to adenosine, caffeine binds … [Read more...]


A group of proteins that bind calcium and move it into cells. Calbindins are found in many different tissues in the body. … [Read more...]


Deposits of calcium in the tissues. Calcification in the breast can be seen on a mammogram, but cannot be detected by touch. There are two types of breast … [Read more...]


A condition in which abnormal amounts of calcium salts are found in soft tissue, such as muscle. … [Read more...]


A hormone formed by the C cells of the thyroid gland. It helps maintain a healthy level of calcium in the blood. When the calcium level is too high, calcitonin … [Read more...]


A synthetic physiologically-active analog of vitamin D, specifically the vitamin D3 form. Calcitriol regulates calcium in vivo by promoting absorption in the … [Read more...]