Glossary of Statistical Terms

age-adjusted rate

An age-adjusted incidence or mortality rate is a weighted average of the age-specific incidence or mortality rates, where the weights are the proportions of … [Read more...]

annual percent change (APC)

Annual Percent Change is used to measure trend or the change in rate over time. It is the "average" annual rate of change over the time series selected. … [Read more...]

Annual Report to the Nation

An annual update of cancer death rates, incidence rates (new cases), and trends in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the … [Read more...]

cancer burden

A measure of the incidence of cancer within the population and an estimate of the financial, emotional, or social impact it creates. The burden of disease is … [Read more...]

Cancer Statistics Review (CSR)

An annual report containing the most recent incidence, mortality, and survival statistics, published by the Cancer Statistics Branch of the NCI. It presents a … [Read more...]

complete prevalence

Complete Prevalence represents the proportion of people alive on a certain day who previously had a diagnosis of the disease, regardless of how long ago the … [Read more...]

confidence interval

A range of values that has a specified probability of containing the rate or trend. The 95% (p-value = .05) and 99% (p-value = .01) confidence intervals are the … [Read more...]

crude rate

A crude rate is the number of new cases (or deaths) occurring in a specified population per year, usually expressed as the number of cases per 100,000 … [Read more...]

delay adjusted rate

A cancer rate adjusted for reporting delay, the time elapsed before a diagnosed cancer case is reported to the NCI. … [Read more...]

extent of disease

Refers to the stage of the disease and details the degree to which the cancer has advanced. Extent of disease records the number of lymph nodes involved, … [Read more...]