p-value

Definition / meaning of p-value

A term in statistics. It helps show whether a difference found between groups that are being compared is due to chance. A small p-value usually means that the difference between groups is not due to chance alone, but is due to some other factor, such as a treatment one of the groups received. A large p-value usually means that the difference between groups is probably due to chance alone.

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Source(s):

The Web site of the National Cancer Institute (http://www.cancer.gov/)

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