nanoparticle albumin-bound docetaxel ABI-008

Definition / meaning of nanoparticle albumin-bound docetaxel ABI-008

A nanoparticle albumin-bound formulation of the taxane docetaxel with antineoplastic activity. Docetaxel is a semi-synthetic, second-generation taxane derived from a compound found in the European yew tree Taxus baccata. Docetaxel binds to and stabilizes tubulin, thereby inhibiting microtubule disassembly which results in cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and cell death. This agent also inhibits pro-angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and displays immunomodulatory and pro-inflammatory properties by inducing various mediators of the inflammatory response. In nanoparticle albumin-bound docetaxel ABI-008 docetaxel is solubilized without the use of the nonionic solubilizer Cremophor ELP, permitting the administration of larger doses of docetaxel while avoiding Cremophor ELP-associated toxicity.

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Source(s):

The Web site of the National Cancer Institute (http://www.cancer.gov/)

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