myeloablative chemotherapy

Definition / meaning of myeloablative chemotherapy

High-dose chemotherapy that kills cells in the bone marrow, including cancer cells. It lowers the number of normal blood-forming cells in the bone marrow, and can cause severe side effects. Myeloablative chemotherapy is usually followed by a bone marrow or stem cell transplant to rebuild the bone marrow.

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Source(s):

The Web site of the National Cancer Institute (http://www.cancer.gov/)

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