epirubicin hydrochloride

Definition / meaning of epirubicin hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt of the 4′-epi-isomer of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic doxorubicin. Epirubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. This agent also produces toxic free-radical intermediates and interacts with cell membrane lipids causing lipid peroxidation.

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The Web site of the National Cancer Institute (http://www.cancer.gov/)

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